The “Roma Doc” denomination may be borne by seven types of white wine (“bianco,” “Classico bianco,” “Bellone,” “Classico Bellone,” “Malvasia puntinata,” “Classico Malvasia puntinata,” and “Romanella spumante”); two types of rosé wine (“rosato” and “Classico rosato”); and four types of red wine (“rosso,” “Classico rosso,” “rosso Riserva,” and “Classico rosso Riserva”). The “classico” specification is allowed for wines of the most ancient area of origin, which is to say that closest to the urban territory of Rome, except for the Romanella “spumante” type and the sweet version.
The varieties cultivated in the denomination’s geographic area are suitable for making the wines: Malvasia del Lazio, Bellone, Bombino bianco, Trebbiano giallo e verde for white wines; Montepulciano, Cesanese di Affile, Cesanese comune, and Sangiovese for red wines. (Other varieties with white and red grapes, suitable for cultivation for the Lazio Region, may be used for up to a maximum quantity of 15% in the blends).
For new farms as well, the forms of growing, the layouts, and the pruning systems are traditional, and are established for the purpose of obtaining wine production yields within the limits set by the regulations (84 hl/ha for whites and 70 hl/ha for reds and rosés).
Within these parameters, each wine cellar determines its own viticultural rules, fostering and valorising their potential for the finest production that can be obtained from a nature that has already been highly generous.